Agricultural jobs add up in the U.S., Virginia

Agricultural jobs add up in the U.S., Virginia

WASHINGTON—A recent study found that 22.8 million U.S. jobs are directly related to agriculture and food, including those in farming and ranching, manufacturing and wholesale and retail operations.

The Feeding the Economy study measured the direct and indirect impact of U.S. food and agricultural industries on economic factors, including employment, wages, economic output, tax revenue and exports. It was sponsored by the American Farm Bureau Federation and other organizations.

The 22.8 million jobs represent about 15 percent of all U.S. employment based on recent Bureau of Labor Statistics employment data. The jobs represent $729 billion in wages and generate $2.1 trillion dollars for the economy.

“Not only do each of us rely every day on agriculture, but study after study continues to document the importance of food and agriculture to our state and national economies,” explained Tony Banks, a commodity marketing specialist for Virginia Farm Bureau Federation. “We tell youth there are plenty of agriculture-related jobs, not only on farms but throughout the entire agriculture sector, to match their personal or professional interests.”

The number of direct food and agricultural jobs is the highest in states with agriculture- and labor-intensive industries, as well as large population centers that support the retail food sectors. California leads the nation with 2.8 million direct food and agriculture jobs, followed by Texas at 2 million and Florida at 1.4 million.

In Virginia, direct jobs in food and agriculture, including farming, manufacturing, wholesale and retail, total 546,000.

Direct food- and agriculture-related jobs include a variety of tasks such as commodity production and other farming activities, manufacturing and wholesale and retail activities.

The largest direct job category in food and agriculture is retail grocery and food service, which represents 17 million jobs, or 75 percent of all direct agricultural and food jobs. Principal farming jobs total 2.6 million and represent 11 percent of all direct food and agricultural jobs.

Following direct farming activities are manufacturing jobs, including wheat milling and meat processing, at 2.1 million jobs, or 9 percent. Wholesale jobs totaled 942,000, or 4 percent of all direct food and agricultural jobs.

For more detailed information, visit

Media: Contact Banks at 804-290-1114 or John Newton, AFBF chief economist, at 202-406-3729.



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